Physicist York Dobyns of Princeton University talks about how the future intentions may affect the past at a recent meeting on Retrocausation at the American Association for the Advancement of Science meeting at University of San Diego on June 23, 2006. Interview by Tom Munnecke. He discusses some of the ideas of Cal Tech Physicist Kip Thorne's theories of wormholes on the fabric of space and time. He also discusses some of the strange implications of our understanding of quantum mechanics. York Dobyns earned his PhD in physics at Princeton and is now with the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Laboratory http://www.princeton.edu/~pear/ http://skepdic.com/pear.html provides another analysis of the claims made in this video TEXT POSTED HERE The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) The brainchild of Robert G. Jahn, who, in 1979, when he was Dean of the School of Engineering and Applied Science at Princeton University, claimed he wanted “to pursue rigorous scientific study of the interaction of human consciousness with sensitive physical devices, systems, and processes common to contemporary engineering practice.” In short, he wanted to be a parapsychologist and test psychokinesis (PK) and remote viewing (called remote perception by the PEAR folks). The PEAR folks are best known for their study of the mind influencing the behavior of machines, so this entry will focus on that work. Scientists have been unable to find any clear and decisive evidence for psychokinesis. Those who claimed to move objects with only the power of their mind use tricks such as blowing on objects, moving them with thin threads, and using static charges to move objects. Some parapsychologists have not given up the chase, however. They began searching for micro-psychokinesis (MPK), minds affecting machines in ways that can't be detected except by statistics. Just as significant variance from chance in an ESP experiment is taken as evidence of ESP (the psi assumption), so a statistically significant deviation from chance in an MPK experiment is taken as evidence of MPK. The PEAR lab shut down in February 2007 to a yawning scientific community. In the 1960s, physicist and parapsychologist Helmut Schmidt started using random event generators to do MPK experiments. According to Dean Radin (1997), over the years Schmidt provided solid scientific support for the MPK hypothesis (or precognition, since there does not seem to be any way to tell the difference between MPK and precognition. Is the mind affecting the outcome of a random event generator or is anticipating what the outcome will be?) In 1986, Jahn, Brenda Dunne, and Roger Nelson reported on millions of trials with 33 subjects over seven years trying to use their minds to override random number generators (RNG). Think of the RNG as producing zeros and ones. Over the long haul, the laws of probability predict that in a truly random sequence, there should be 50% of each produced. The subjects in the PEAR experiments tried to use their minds to produce more zeros (or ones, depending on the assignment). In short, the PEAR people did what many drivers do when they try to use their thoughts to make a red light turn green. Radin thinks the PEAR group replicated Schmidt's work in 258 experimental studies and 127 control studies. C. E. M. Hansel examined the studies done after 1969 and before 1987 that attempted to replicate Schmidt’s work. He notes: “The main fact that emerges from this data is that 71 experiments gave a result supporting Schmidt’s findings and 261 experiments failed to do so” (Hansel 1989: 185). That is the beauty of meta-analysis: you can transform a failure rate of nearly 4 to 1 into a grand success. In 1987, Dean Radin and Nelson did a meta-analysis of all RNG experiments done between 1959 and 1987 and found that they produced odds against chance beyond a trillion to one (Radin 1997: 140). This sounds impressive, but as Radin says “in terms of a 50% hit rate, the overall experimental effect, calculated per study, was about 51 percent, where 50 percent would be expected by chance” [emphasis added] (141). A couple of sentences later, Radin gives a more precise rendering of "about 51 percent" by noting that the overall effect was "just under 51 percent." Similar results were found with experiments where people tried to use their minds to affect the outcome of rolls of the dice, according to Radin. And, when Nelson did his own analysis of all the PEAR data (1,262 experiments involving 108 people), he found similar results to the earlier RNG studies but "with odds against chance of four thousand to one" (Radin 1997: 143). Nelson also claimed that there were no "star" performers. However, according to Ray Hyman, “the percentage of hits in the intended direction was only 50.02%" in the PEAR studies (Hyman 1989: 152). And one ‘operator’ (the term used to describe the subjects in these studies) was responsible for 23% of the total data base. Her hit rate was 50.05%. Take out this operator and the hit rate becomes 50.01%. According to John McCrone, "Operator 10," believed to be a PEAR staff member, "has been involved in 15% of the 14 million trials, yet contributed to a full half of the total excess hits" (McCrone 1994). According to Dean Radin, the criticism that there "was any one person responsible for the overall results of the experiment...was tested and found to be groundless" (Radin 1997: 221). His source for this claim is a 1991 article by Jahn et al. in the Journal of Scientific Exploration, "Count population profiles in engineering anomalies experiments" (5:205-32). However, Jahn gives the data for his experiments in Margins of Reality: The Role of Consciousness in the Physical World (Harcourt Brace, 1988, p. 352-353). McCrone has done the calculations and found that 'If [operator 10's] figures are taken out of the data pool, scoring in the "low intention" condition falls to chance while "high intention" scoring drops close to the .05 boundary considered weakly significant in scientific results." According to McCrone, the "size of the effect is about .1 percent, meaning that for every thousand electronic tosses, the random event generator is producing about one more head or tail than it should by chance alone" (McCrone 1994). Jahn says that the measured effect of MPK was "not large enough that you're going to notice it over a brief experiment, but over very long periods of study, we see a systematic departure of the behavior of the machine in correlation with what the operator wants it to do" (Park 2000: 198). Most experiments in medicine or psychology use fewer than 100 trials, or perhaps a few hundred at most. Big trials will have 25,000 or more subjects. Massive prospective studies might survey 250,000 people. The most commonly used P-value in the social sciences and medical studies is P<0.05, where there is a one in twenty chance that the result is a statistical fluke. The 95% confidence interval, used as a standard in most of these studies, is arbitrary, however. It can be traced back to the 1930s and R. A. Fisher. There is nothing sacred about the standard, but it was not introduced to be used with studies having millions of data points. The RNG studies go into the millions of trials, allowing a very small effect to generate a very large statistic. When we’re dealing with small effects and millions of trials "even the slightest departure from the assumptions might suffice to produce artificially significant outcomes" (Hyman 1989: 151). The main assumption that Jahn and his colleagues made may not be warranted. "It is not clear that any of these machines is truly random. Indeed, it is generally believed that there are no truly random machines. It may be that lack of randomness only begins to show up after many trials" (Park 2000: 199). These data should remind us that statistical significance does not imply importance. Science that claims to have identified barely detectable causal agents observed near the threshold of sensation, which are nevertheless asserted to have been detected with great accuracy and be of great significance, is one of the signs of what Irving Langmuir called pathological science and Bob Park calls voodoo science. Furthermore, Stanley Jeffers, a physicist at York University, Ontario, has repeated the Jahn experiments but with chance results (Alcock 2003: 135-152). (See "Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness" in Alcock et al. 2003. Abstract.) And Jahn et al. failed to replicate the PEAR results in experiments done in Germany (See "Mind/Machine Interaction Consortium: PortREG Replication Experiments," Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 499–555, 2000). Based on the results of these experiments, Radin claims that “researchers have produced persuasive, consistent, replicated evidence that mental intention is associated with the behavior of …physical systems” (Radin 1997: 144). That sounds like a hasty conclusion to me. He also claims that “the experimental results are not likely due to chance, selective reporting, poor experimental design, only a few individuals, or only a few experimenters” (Radin 1997: 144). He's probably right except for the bit about it being unlikely that the experimental results are due to chance or to only a few individuals. Jahn, six of his associates, and PEAR even have a patent (US5830064) on an “Apparatus and method for distinguishing events which collectively exceed chance expectations and thereby controlling an output.” The PEAR people are so convinced of the breakthrough nature of their work that they have incorporated as Mindsong Inc. They claim their corporation "is developing a range of breakthrough products and research tools based on a provocative new technology—proprietary microelectronics which are responsive to the inner states of living systems." One of their breakthrough products is some software "that allows you to influence, with your mind, which of two images will be displayed on your computer screen." They also sell a device for several hundred dollars that lets you do your own testing of mental influence on randomized outputs. On their website, PEAR states that after more than twenty-five years they are shutting down and moving on. "Over the next few years, PEAR will be concluding its experimental operations at Princeton University," says the notice on their "Future" tab.* It seems that Bob Jahn and Brenda Dunne are not quitting, however, for they are looking for a number of like-minded folks who want to spend their time or money on the study of minds interacting with machines. They've set up a new outfit called International Consciousness Research Laboratories. As their first fundraiser, they are selling "a multi-DVD/CD set entitled The PEAR Proposition" for a mere $62, including psychic shipping and handling. The replication studies are available on a blank DVD disc, available at no cost to true believers. Perhaps the most disconcerting thing about PEAR is the fact that suggestions by critics that should have been considered were routinely ignored. Physicist Bob Park reports, for example, that he suggested to Jahn two types of experiments that would have bypassed the main criticisms aimed at PEAR. Why not do a double-blind experiment? asked Park. Have a second RNG determine the task of the operator and do not let this determination be known to the one recording the results. This could have eliminated the charge of experimenter bias. Another experiment, however, could have eliminated most criticism. Park suggested that PEAR have operators try to use their minds to move a "state-of-the-art microbalance" (Park 2008, 138-139). A microbalance can make precise measurements on the order of a millionth of a gram. One doesn't need to be clairvoyant to figure out why this suggestion was never heeded. See related entries on confirmation bias, ESP, experimenter effect, ganzfeld experiments, law of truly large numbers, meta-analysis, occult statistics, parapsychology, pathological science, psi assumption, post hoc fallacy, psychokinesis, and A Short History of Psi Research by Robert Todd Carroll. further reading books and articles Alcock, James E., Jean Burns, and Anthony Freeman (2003). Editors. Psi Wars: Getting to Grips with the Paranormal. Imprint Academic. Ehrlich, Robert (2003). Eight Preposterous Propositions: From the Genetics of Homosexuality to the Benefits of Global Warming. Princeton University Press. (Ehrlich, a physicist, considers the proposition that we can influence matter by mind alone to be highly preposterous, meriting four flakes (out of four) on his flakeometer.) Hansel, C. E. M. (1989). The Search for Psychic Power: ESP and Parapsychology Revisited. Prometheus Books, Hyman, Ray (1989). The Elusive Quarry: a Scientific Appraisal of Psychical Research. Prometheus Books. McCrone, J. (1994) "Psychic powers: What are the odds?" The New Scientist. November 1994, pp. 34-38. Park, Robert L. Voodoo Science: The Road from Foolishness to Fraud (Oxford U. Press, 2000). Park, Robert L. (2008). Superstition: Belief in the Age of Science. Princeton University Press. Radin, Dean (1997). The Conscious Universe - The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. HarperCollins. websites Critique of the PEAR Remote-Viewing Experiments (1992) by George P. Hansen, Jessica Utts, Betty Markwick, Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 56, No. 2, June, pp. 97-113. The Evidence for Psychic Functioning: Claims vs. Reality (1996) by Ray Hyman Evaluation of Program on Anomalous Mental Phenomena (1995) by Ray Hyman Slashdot - News for Nerds, IBM and Mind Input Devices The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research STATS - Statistics and the Media (This site had nothing to do with PEAR but since PEAR's claims are based upon statistical analysis of data, I thought some readers might like to look at a site that does nothing but look at statistical data and examine what some people try to do with that data.)
Added: January 26, 2010, 12:26 am
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In science one of the best markers for the accuracy of a model or theory is how well it predicts outcomes. This applies not only to future events but can also be applied to existing data. Below is a collection of predictions based on Electric Universe principles, which have been confirmed by observations and data. The link above provides a list of pending predictions.
Added: January 24, 2010, 12:11 pm
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You can live your life in many ways Have a plan or just take the days You can find out what is right and wrong but ya cant come back when you are gone No ya cant come back, ye eah back when you are gone They can rule be cruel and be unkind, suck the joy right out of your life they can fire off all their bullets and bombs, but they cant come back when they are gone. One time and believe it to my solid core when im gone, im gone there isnt any more aint t special i aint going on and on , not being here is just like b4 you were born doent matter if theres ultimate meaning all you know your life is what yo dreaming in the moment Busta groove and be fine, the universe is infinite but your only here one time live like a magical fable stretch out thinking it and you do if your able no refunds one ticket one ride wanna hear music and stare at the night skies dont be sad or mad but try to have fun you are what you is and then you ll be done dont be fooled by some dream of another time, the universe is infinite BUT were only heer one time you can give it up have a ball and a blast, throw it all away for another glass you can do what you want and sing this song but ya cant come back when you are gone
Added: January 4, 2010, 3:01 am
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Do you ever wonder who is in control of your life? Who decides where you work eat sleep go on holiday Who is in control of the microchip telephone Conversation floating on a telephone
Added: January 4, 2010, 2:49 am
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Google Tech Talk March 3, 2009 ABSTRACT Microlaunchers: The Case for a New Generation of Very Small Spacecraft, presented by Charles Pooley. Charles Pooley speaks about his work in creating *VERY* small rockets (~500kg) to launch a one pound payload to orbit or beyond. http://www.microlaunchers.com/
Added: January 3, 2010, 10:10 pm
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<http://www.energyfromthorium.com/lftradsrisks.html> _ Successfully developing a liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) would essentially solve our planets energy problems for thousands of years, because it would allow us to fully utilize the energy in natural thorium, which makes up 0.0012% of the Earths crust. Most of the research and development work for this technology was done by Oak Ridge National Labs back in the 50s and 60s. They were working to a different set of overall objectives, nevertheless, there are many lessons to be gleaned from their work that can help us to avoid pitfalls and develop LFTR into a high-performance, high-reliability power supply. ___________________ We need to form a consortium to develop a pilot plant to dispose of nuclear waste and generate usable power. Clean the planet to buy the planet!
Added: January 3, 2010, 6:51 pm
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>http://www.energyfromthorium.com/lftradsrisks.html> _ We need to form a consortium to develop a pilot plant to dispose of nuclear waste and generate usable power. Clean the planet to buy the planet!______________________________ Google Tech Talks November 18, 2008 ABSTRACT Electrical power is, and will increasingly become, the desired form of energy for its convenience, safety, flexibility and applicability. Even future transportation embraces electric cars, trains, and chemical fuel production (jet fuel, hydrogen, etc.) based upon an abundant electrical supply. Although existing energy sources can and should be expanded where practical, no one source has shown to be practical to rapidly fulfill the world's energy requirements effectively. Presently there is an existing source of energy ideally suited to electrical energy production that is not being exploited anywhere in the world today, although its existence and practicality has been know since the earliest days of nuclear science. Thorium is the third source of fission energy and the LFTR is the idealized mechanism to turn this resource into electrical energy. Enough safe, clean energy, globally sustainable for 1000's of years at US standards. This talk is aimed at explaining this thorium energy resource from fundamental physics to today's practical applications. The presentation is sufficient for the non-scientist to grasp the whole subject, but will be intriguing to even classically trained nuclear engineers. By providing the historical context in which the technology was discovered and later developed into a power reactor, the story of thorium's disappearance as an energy source is revealed. But times have changed, and today, thorium energy can be safely exploited in a completely new form of nuclear reactor. The LFTR is unique, having a hot liquid core thus eliminating fuel fabrication costs and the need for a large reactor. It cannot have a nuclear meltdown and is so safe that typical control rods are not required at all. This design topples all the conventional arguments against conventional energy sources in such areas as: * Waste Production * Safety * Proliferation * Capital Costs and Location * Environmental Impact * Social Acceptance * Flexibility * Grid Infrastructure * Efficiency Should America take this step toward a New Era in Nuclear Energy Production? Hear the case for "The Electricity Rock" and then decide. Speaker: Dr. Joe Bonometti Dr. Bonometti has extensive engineering experience in the government, within industry, and in academia over a 25-year career. Recently completing an assignment as the NASA Chair Professor at the Naval Post graduate School, he supported a ship design study that utilized advanced nuclear power derived from thorium. Working at NASA for ten years as a technology manager, lead systems engineer, nuclear specialist, and propulsion researcher, he lead several NASA tiger teams in evaluating the Nuclear System Initiatives fission demonstration vehicle and missions. He managed the Emerging Propulsion Technology Area for in-space systems, the Marshall Air Launch team, as well as a variety of other power and propulsion assignments and is now the Lead Systems Engineer for the Ares I-Y flight. After earning a Doctorate degree in Mechanical Engineering from University of Alabama in Huntsville, he spent several years as a Research Scientist & Senior Research Engineer at the UAH Propulsion Research Center where he served as a Principal Investigator and manager for the Solar Thermal Laboratory. He has worked as a Senior Mechanical Designer at Pratt & Whitney supporting aircraft engine manufacturing and at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory within the laser fusion program. A graduate from the United States Military Academy, at West Point, where he studied nuclear physics and engineering, Dr. Bonometti served as an officer in the United States Army Corps of Engineers; both in combat and district engineering management assignments. He is a Registered Professional Engineer in the State of Virginia, and has authored numerous aerospace technical publications, particularly propulsion and space systems technologies. His technical expertise includes nuclear engineering, specialized mechanical & materials research, space plasmas & propulsion, thermodynamics, heat transfer, and space systems engineering. This Google Tech Talk was hosted by Boris Debic.
Added: January 3, 2010, 6:44 pm
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An address delivered at an Institute of General Semantics symposium at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, April 23, 2005
Added: January 2, 2010, 8:14 pm
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This is the most creative solution to the problem of door to door christians...wish I had thought of it! Now I'm going out to buy a white dress shirt and tie...find the appropriate pin and print up some pamphlets.
Added: December 28, 2009, 1:11 am
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Monty Python, Praise be their irreligious, smart asses.
Added: December 27, 2009, 11:11 pm
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ABSTRACT Fun with Light: Strong Photon-Photon Interactions and Meta-Materials Presented by Jung-Tsung Shen The lightsaber is a supercool gadget that all of us would like to get one. It exhibits many novel light phenomena, notably the light blades of two lightsabers could interact with each other. Unfortunately it takes an enormous amount of energy to achieve that. One of the main difficulties of making a lightsaber is that photons normally do not interact with each other. In the first part of the talk, I will describe how to make photons interact with each other, which enables the capability of using photons to control photons. This capability has many potential applications in quantum communication and information processing, and other novel optoelectronics devices. Moreover, the configuration is well-suited for on-chip all solid-state implementations. In the second part of the talk, I will briefly explain what metamaterials are, and some novel optical tricks they can play, such as Harry Potter's invisibility cloak and super lens. In particular, I will discuss the mechanisms and properties of a special class of metamaterials -- metamaterials with ultra-high refractive index. Such artificial structures will be useful in many applications such as subwavelength lithography and imaging, broadband slow-light, and sensitive interferometer. (* The talk is for general audience with no background in these fields. *) Dr. Jung-Tsung Shen is currently a research associate at Stanford University, working on photon transport in nano-photonics, metamaterials, plasmonics, and thermal and energy transport in nano-structures. He obtained his PhD degree in physics in 2003 from MIT. He was also a graduate scholar at Bell Labs from year 1998 -2001. He will be an assistant professor at Washington University in St. Louis in September this year.
Added: December 27, 2009, 9:14 am
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he 2008 Herzberg Lecture took place November 4, 2008 at Carleton University. Rolf-Dieter Heuer has been designated as the next Director General of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. He has contributed to the study of electron positron interactions, the development of experimental techniques, and the construction of large detector systems. Despite great success, many key questions in particle physics and cosmology are unanswered. In particular, some 95% of the Universe consists of unknown dark matter and dark energy. Particle physics is about to enter the Terascale, providing a deeper understanding of the Universe and possibly dramatically changing our view of the world. With the start-up of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN this year, we expect revolutionary results explaining the origin of matter, unraveling the nature of dark matter and providing glimpses of extra spatial dimensions or grand unification of forces and hints on dark energy.
Added: December 27, 2009, 6:59 am
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The Semantic Web According to STI International The future of the semantic web.
Added: December 25, 2009, 10:12 pm
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