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So it has finally been announced (4th July 2012) that the Higgs boson has been discovered but what is it? Almost 50 years ago Peter Higgs proposed the existence of the Higgs boson and since then scientists have been looking for it! At the cost of billions of pounds, it has finally been found. Was it worth all the effort?
In this Horizon episode first broadcast on 9th January 2012, Physicists working at CERN explain what the Higgs boson is? Is it really the biggest scientific discovery for a hundred years? Prof Jim Al-Khalli presents this Horizon Special produced by the BBC.
Should Professor Peter Higgs get knighted and receive the Nobel Prize?
Is the nickname "The God Particle" misleading?
Scientists are hopeful they're closer to solving life's greatest mysteries after discovering what's known as the 'God particle' The European Center for Nuclear Research says it's the most anticipated find in a decade. RT talks to physicist Andrey Golutvin to explore the significance.
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5 fois la taille de la Terre: Géant tornade solaire pris dans la NASA cassette rare (VIDEO):
Une tornade géante solaire - cinq fois le diamètre de la Terre - tourbillonnant à la vitesse incroyable de certains mph 186000 a été capté sur vidéo par l'Observatoire de la NASA Solar Dynamics.
C'est la première fois un géant solaire twister a été capturé sur vidéo.
Tornades solaires, connus sous le nom des protubérances solaires, sont façonnées par le champ magnétique du soleil et se produisent souvent pendant les éjections de masse coronale - explosions énormes de plasma solaire. La vitesse de gaz tourbillonnant solaires peut parfois atteindre plusieurs milliers de miles par heure.
Cette tornade 124 000-mile de haut a été filmé le 25 Septembre 2011, mais la vidéo n'a été rendu public lors de la réunion national d'astronomie à Manchester (Royaume-Uni) le jeudi.
Xing Li, un astronome de l'Université d'Aberystwyth au Pays de Galles, estime que le constat est un "vrai petit bijou d'un événement de frapper l'imagination, et il est un bon moyen d'étudier les structures magnétiques dans l'atmosphère du soleil."
Les scientifiques pensent que l'étude de tornades solaires permettra de comprendre les causes des tempêtes de l'espace en général, qui est encore l'un des grands mystères de notre système solaire.
A giant solar tornado - five times the Earth's diameter - swirling at incredible speed of some 186,000 mph has been captured on video by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory.
This is the first time a giant solar twister has been caught on video.
Solar tornadoes, known as solar prominences, are shaped by the sun's magnetic field and often occur during coronal mass ejections -- huge explosions of solar plasma. The speed of swirling solar gases can sometimes reach several thousand miles per hour.
This 124,000-mile-tall tornado was filmed on September 25, 2011, but the video was only released to the public at the National Astronomy Meeting in Manchester (UK) on Thursday.
Xing Li, an astronomer at Aberystwyth University in Wales, believes the finding is a "real gem of an event to fire the imagination, and it is a good way to study magnetic structures in the sun's atmosphere."
Scientists believe that study of solar tornadoes will help understand the causes of space storms in general, which is still one of the great mysteries of our solar system.
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BE LOVE - PEACE
A new on-line story telling program is coming soon in 2012. Topics to be covered include the constellations, zodiac, astrology, astronomy, space probes, history and the latest discoveries about the universe. Hosted by Hoku Kane, your ambassador to the stars. Sponsored by Stars Above Hawaii and the Stellar Express Moonlight Cafe.
September 15, 2011 (CERESTV.com)
PASADENA, Calif. -- The existence of a world with a double sunset, as portrayed in the film Star Wars more than 30 years ago, is now scientific fact. NASA's Kepler mission has made the first unambiguous detection of a circumbinary planet -- a planet orbiting two stars -- 200 light-years from Earth.
Unlike Star Wars' Tatooine, the planet is cold, gaseous and not thought to harbor life, but its discovery demonstrates the diversity of planets in our galaxy. Previous research has hinted at the existence of circumbinary planets, but clear confirmation proved elusive. Kepler detected such a planet, known as Kepler-16b, by observing transits, where the brightness of a parent star dims from the planet crossing in front of it.
"This discovery confirms a new class of planetary systems that could harbor life," Kepler Principal Investigator William Borucki, of NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., said. "Given that most stars in our galaxy are part of a binary system, this means the opportunities for life are much broader than if planets form only around single stars. This milestone discovery confirms a theory that scientists have had for decades but could not prove until now."
A research team led by Laurance Doyle of the SETI Institute in Mountain View, Calif., used data from the Kepler space telescope, which measures dips in the brightness of more than 150,000 stars, to search for transiting planets. Kepler is the first NASA mission capable of finding Earth-size planets in or near the "habitable zone," the region in a planetary system where liquid water can exist on the surface of the orbiting planet.
Scientists detected the new planet in the Kepler-16 system, a pair of orbiting stars that eclipse each other from our vantage point on Earth. When the smaller star partially blocks the larger star, a primary eclipse occurs, and a secondary eclipse occurs when the smaller star is occulted, or completely blocked, by the larger star.
Astronomers further observed that the brightness of the system dipped even when the stars were not eclipsing one another, hinting at a third body. The additional dimming in brightness events, called the tertiary and quaternary eclipses, reappeared at irregular intervals of time, indicating the stars were in different positions in their orbit each time the third body passed. This showed the third body was circling, not just one, but both stars, in a wide circumbinary orbit.
The gravitational tug on the stars, measured by changes in their eclipse times, was a good indicator of the mass of the third body. Only a very slight gravitational pull was detected, one that only could be caused by a small mass. The findings are described in a new study published Friday, Sept. 16, in the journal Science.
"Most of what we know about the sizes of stars comes from such eclipsing binary systems, and most of what we know about the size of planets comes from transits," said Doyle, who also is the lead author and a Kepler participating scientist. "Kepler-16 combines the best of both worlds, with stellar eclipses and planetary transits in one system."
This discovery confirms that Kepler-16b is an inhospitable, cold world about the size of Saturn and thought to be made up of about half rock and half gas. The parent stars are smaller than our sun. One is 69 percent the mass of the sun and the other only 20 percent. Kepler-16b orbits around both stars every 229 days, similar to Venus' 225-day orbit, but lies outside the system's habitable zone, where liquid water could exist on the surface, because the stars are cooler than our sun.
"Working in film, we often are tasked with creating something never before seen," said visual effects supervisor John Knoll of Industrial Light & Magic, a division of Lucasfilm Ltd., in San Francisco. "However, more often than not, scientific discoveries prove to be more spectacular than anything we dare imagine. There is no doubt these discoveries influence and inspire storytellers. Their very existence serves as cause to dream bigger and open our minds to new possibilities beyond what we think we 'know.'"
For more information about the Kepler mission and to view the digital press kit, visit:
Discovery News Space Correspondent Irene Klotz describes the experience of interviewing one the world's best known scientists.