http://facebook.com/ScienceReason ... CERN/LHC Update: "The Higgs Boson - Is it the God Particle?" CERN confirms existence of new particle consistent with Higgs boson. Is the Higgs boson the long-sought "God Particle"? And what do scientists think about the metaphor "The God Particle"? The ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN presented their latest results in the search for the long-sought Higgs boson. Both experiments see strong indications for the presence of a new particle, which could be the Higgs boson, in the mass region around 126 gigaelectronvolts (GeV). --- Please SUBSCRIBE to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker • http://www.youtube.com/ScienceTV • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/RationalHumanism --- CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson "We now have more than double the data we had last year," said CERN Director for Research and Computing, Sergio Bertolucci, "that should be enough to see whether the trends we were seeing in the 2011 data are still there, or whether they've gone away. It's a very exciting time." If and when a new particle is discovered, ATLAS and CMS will need time to ascertain whether it is the long sought Higgs boson, the last missing ingredient of the Standard Model of particle physics, or whether it is a more exotic form of the boson that could open the door to new physics. "It's a bit like spotting a familiar face from afar," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer, "sometimes you need closer inspection to find out whether it's really your best friend, or actually your best friend's twin." The Standard Model gives an extraordinarily precise picture of the matter that makes up all the visible universe, and the forces that govern its behaviour, but there are good reasons to believe that this is not the end of the story. For example, we know from observation that the visible universe is just 4% of what seems to be out there. "It's hard not to get excited by these results," said CERN Research Director Sergio Bertolucci. " We stated last year that in 2012 we would either find a new Higgs-like particle or exclude the existence of the Standard Model Higgs. With all the necessary caution, it looks to me that we are at a branching point: the observation of this new particle indicates the path for the future towards a more detailed understanding of what we're seeing in the data." "We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. "The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson opens the way to more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will pin down the new particle's properties, and is likely to shed light on other mysteries of our universe." Positive identification of the new particle's characteristics will take considerable time and data. But whatever form the Higgs particle takes, our knowledge of the fundamental structure of matter is about to take a major step forward. • http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2012/PR17.12E.html --- Tags: "god particle" "higgs boson" "higgs particle" god particle higgs boson new higgs-like cern lhc cms atlas experiments physics standard model supersymmetry susy mass matter universe results videos .
Theoretical physicist Michio Kaku explains the larger implications of the God Particle's discovery. For more CNN videos, check out our YouTube channel at http://www.youtube.com/cnn Or visit our site at http://www.cnn.com/
http://facebook.com/ScienceReason ... New particle observed at LHC! CERN Physicists are sure they have found a boson particle -- but is it the long-sought Higgs boson of the Standard Model? The ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN presented their latest results in the search for the long-sought Higgs boson. Both experiments see strong indications for the presence of a new particle, which could be the Higgs boson, in the mass region around 126 gigaelectronvolts (GeV). --- Please SUBSCRIBE to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker • http://www.youtube.com/ScienceTV • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/RationalHumanism --- CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson At a seminar and a press conference held at CERN on 4 July 2012 as a curtain raiser to the year's major particle physics conference, ICHEP2012 in Melbourne, the ATLAS and CMS experiments presented their latest preliminary results in the search for the long sought Higgs particle. Both experiments observe a new particle in the mass region around 125-126 GeV. "We observe in our data clear signs of a new particle, at the level of 5 sigma, in the mass region around 126 GeV. The outstanding performance of the LHC and ATLAS and the huge efforts of many people have brought us to this exciting stage," said ATLAS experiment spokesperson Fabiola Gianotti, "but a little more time is needed to prepare these results for publication." "The results are preliminary but the 5 sigma signal at around 125 GeV we're seeing is dramatic. This is indeed a new particle. We know it must be a boson and it's the heaviest boson ever found," said CMS experiment spokesperson Joe Incandela. "The implications are very significant and it is precisely for this reason that we must be extremely diligent in all of our studies and cross-checks." "It's hard not to get excited by these results," said CERN Research Director Sergio Bertolucci. " We stated last year that in 2012 we would either find a new Higgs-like particle or exclude the existence of the Standard Model Higgs. With all the necessary caution, it looks to me that we are at a branching point: the observation of this new particle indicates the path for the future towards a more detailed understanding of what we're seeing in the data." The results presented today are labelled preliminary. They are based on data collected in 2011 and 2012, with the 2012 data still under analysis. Publication of the analyses shown today is expected around the end of July. A more complete picture of today's observations will emerge later this year after the LHC provides the experiments with more data. The next step will be to determine the precise nature of the particle and its significance for our understanding of the universe. Are its properties as expected for the long-sought Higgs boson, the final missing ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics? Or is it something more exotic? The Standard Model describes the fundamental particles from which we, and every visible thing in the universe, are made, and the forces acting between them. All the matter that we can see, however, appears to be no more than about 4% of the total. A more exotic version of the Higgs particle could be a bridge to understanding the 96% of the universe that remains obscure. "We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. "The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson opens the way to more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will pin down the new particle's properties, and is likely to shed light on other mysteries of our universe." Positive identification of the new particle's characteristics will take considerable time and data. But whatever form the Higgs particle takes, our knowledge of the fundamental structure of matter is about to take a major step forward. • http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2012/PR17.12E.html --- CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is the world's leading laboratory for particle physics. It has its headquarters in Geneva. At present, its Member States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Romania is a candidate for accession. Israel and Serbia are Associate Members in the pre-stage to Membership. India, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, Turkey, the European Commission and UNESCO have Observer status. • http://cern.ch/ --- Tags: "higgs boson" "higgs particle" higgs boson new higgs-like particle "god particle" observed discovered found cern lhc cms atlas experiments physics standard model results mass matter universe videos lecture press conference july 2012 .
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In the video dated July 4 2012, Joe Incandela, a spokesman for Cern, announces that scientists "have observed a new particle". "We have quite strong evidence that there's something there. Its properties are still going to take us a little bit of time. "But we can see that it decays to two photons, for example, which tells us it's a boson, it's a particle with integer spin. And we know its mass is roughly 100 times the mass of the proton. And this is very significant. This is the most massive such particle that exists, if we confirm all of this, which I think we will," Mr Incandela, the CMS Spokesperson says. "And this is very, very significant. It's something that may, in the end, be one of the biggest observations of any new new phenomena in our field in the last 30 or 40 years, going way back to the discovery of quarks, for example," he adds. The origin of mass has been fiercely debated for decades **Credit to the UK Telegraph for the amazing video
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His first paper was rejected by a journal, while other scientists accused him and his colleagues of failing to grasp the basic principles of physics. Despite the sleights Prof Higgs, at the time an 34-year-old physicist at Edinburgh University, was convinced his idea was right although he never envisaged being able to prove it. Yesterday, 48 years on, his radical concept was finally proved correct by an international team of physicists at the Cern laboratory using a £6 billion piece of equipment designed to uncover the secrets of the Universe. Announcing the latest results from the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, scientists from confirmed they had discovered a new particle bearing all the hallmarks of a Higgs Boson. The Higgs Boson helps to explain how fundamental particles gain their mass - a property which allows them to bind together and form stars and planets rather than whizzing around the universe at the speed of light. Prof Higgs, 83, who travelled to Switerland to witness the landmark announcement first-hand, was visibly moved as the presentation was rounded off to tumultuous applause from a wildly excited audience, some of whom had waited overnight to secure their seats. Choking back tears, he said: "I would like to add my congratulations to everyone involved in this achievement. It's really an incredible thing that it's happened in my lifetime." His response was characteristically modest. Professor Higgs has repeatedly resisted requests for interviews and comments, insisting the limelight should be taken by the scientists who have proved that his theory is correct. He has long been uncomfortable even having his name attached to the particle, which is the key missing cornerstone of the Standard Model of physics. The son of a BBC sound engineer from Newcastle, he was raised in Bristol and excelled at Cotham Grammar School. During a school assembly he saw the name of a former pupil, the great quantum physicist P.A.M. Dirac, on an honours board and decided to read about his work. He was quickly hooked, reading as much as he could find about the subject to satisfy his curiosity. He went on to King's College, London, where he graduated with a first class honours in 1950. He was denied a lectureship at the university, however, so became a researcher at Edinburgh University. His "eureka" moment reportedly came in a flash of inspiration while on a walking trip to the Cairngorms. When one of his initial papers was rejected, he insisted the journal had clearly not understood him. Upon publication in 1964, he and his colleagues were ridiculed as young pretenders and urged to abandon their research or risk "professional suicide". Prof Gerry Guralnik, an American researcher who published a paper on the same subject with colleagues Tom Kibble and Dick Hagen within months of Higgs, recalled a galling encounter with Werner Heisenberg, the esteemed German physicist who gave his name to the famous "uncertainty principle" of quantum mechanics. He said: "A lot of famous people told us that we were wrong. Heisenberg told me I did not understand the rules of physics, which is pretty scary if you are 26 and are worried about getting a job." Yesterday, the scientific community was united in its praise for Prof Higgs, with some calling for him to be given a knighthood. Prof Stephen Hawking said Prof Higgs deserved a Nobel Prize for his work, but admitted the discovery of the new particle had come at a cost. He said: "I had a bet with Gordon Kane of Michigan University that the Higgs particle wouldn't be found. It seems I have just lost $100." Q&A What has been found? Both of the Cern teams have announced the discovery of a new particle which is consistent with theories about the Higgs Boson. Although they haven't proven it is definitely a Higgs, there is little doubt in most experts' minds that the sought-after particle has indeed been unearthed at last. What does it mean? Finding the Higgs Boson proves the existence of the Higgs Field, a force which provides fundamental particles - the building blocks of the Universe - with their mass. Without mass they would simply zip around the cosmos at the speed of light and never form into stars and planets. It is also the last missing cornerstone of the Standard Model of Physics, which explains what the Universe is composed of. Will it have any practical applications? Immediately, no. The purpose of the research was simply to uncover one of the Universe's great mysteries and further our understanding of science. But experts firmly believe it will be of paramount importance in future research which could provide new breakthroughs.
Latest episode of MyMusic: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q9A9e5Y4r1k TUMBLR: http://www.jackisanerd.tumblr.com TWITTER: http://twitter.com/#!/jacksfilms FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/jacksfilmsfans SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=jacksfilms P. O. Box: Jack Douglass P. O. Box #132 Woodland Hills, CA 91365 SHIRTS: http://www.jacksfilms.spreadshirt.com JACKISANERD: http://www.youtube.com/jackisanerd Live Chat every Wednesday on here: http://www.vokle.com/people/267079
This could be a huge week for the scientific world. Physicists at a U.S. laboratory claim to have come extremely close to proving the existence of the elusive subatomic Higgs boson, better known as the 'God particle,' finally bringing order and mass to the universe. The announcement from Fermilab comes before what is expected to be a huge reveal from CERN confirming the particle's existence. Now, remember, CERN houses the world's most powerful particle accelerator, the 10 billion dollar Large Hadron Collider. Fermilab scientists found hints of the Higgs, based on data gathered over the course of a decade, but the evidence fell short of scientific proof. The Higgs field is thought to impart mass to some particles and not to others, and proving its existence would validate the Standard Model, and bring us one step closer to understanding the origins of our universe. Some physicists remain cautious about the supposed findings, but I know I'm not alone when I say, I hope they found it.
CERN Scientist Announces Higgs Boson 'God Particle' Discovery http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLAx8x_6mgo God particle is 'found': Scientists at Cern expected to announce on Wednesday Higgs boson particle has been discovered Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2167188/God-particle-Scientists-Cern-expected-announce-Higgs-boson-particle-discovered-Wednesday.html#ixzz1zXKyAeiP Confirmed: CERN discovers new particle likely to be the Higgs boson http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXZ-yzwlwMw Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for 'fair use' for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. All copyrights go to their rightful owner no infringement intended.
The Higgs Boson. What more need be said? Two more Higgs videos coming soon. Also, explore a map of the big bang! http://www.bigbangregistry.com Theory of Everything video - http://bit.ly/yEj0xG What is Matter video - http://bit.ly/ywH3tn minutephysics is now on Google+ - http://bit.ly/qzEwc6 And facebook - http://facebook.com/minutephysics And twitter - @minutephysics Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics -- all in a minute! Music by Nathaniel Schroeder Spanish subtitles translated by Marcos Pérez Sánchez Thanks to Nima Doroud, John Toledo and Damian Pope for contributions and to Perimeter Institute for support. http://www.perimeterinstitute.ca
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Fermilab scientist Don Lincoln describes the nature of the Higgs boson. Several large experimental groups are hot on the trail of this elusive subatomic particle which is thought to explain the origins of particle mass
The day before scientists at CERN announced they had discovered a "Higgs-like" particle, we asked some people in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, about it. We used every response we got to make this video. Read more at Motherboard: http://motherboard.vice.com/2012/7/4/hipster-pop-quiz-what-is-the-higgs-boson
What is mass and what does it have to do with the Higgs Boson? Part I: http://dft.ba/-higgsPart1 Also, explore a map of the big bang! http://www.bigbangregistry.com MinutePhysics is on Google+ - http://bit.ly/qzEwc6 And facebook - http://facebook.com/minutephysics And twitter - @minutephysics Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics -- all in a minute! Music by Nathaniel Schroeder Thanks to Nima Doroud for contributions and to Perimeter Institute for support. http://www.perimeterinstitute.ca
higgs boson cern particle standard model give mass big bang theory registry map cosmic microwave background radiation galaxy universe area circle radius electromagnetism strong weak gauge arbitrage force canada money infinity earth moon sun dimension string light einstein special relativity black hole science Tides gravity Neutrino photon lhc electron atomic nuclear General Dark energy Minutephysics minute physics Henry Reich cat schrodinger Perimeter Institute god
Scientists are hopeful they're closer to solving life's greatest mysteries after discovering what's known as the 'God particle' The European Center for Nuclear Research says it's the most anticipated find in a decade. RT talks to physicist Andrey Golutvin to explore the significance. RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=RussiaToday Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTnews Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_com Follow us on Google+ http://plus.google.com/b/102728491539958529040 RT (Russia Today) is a global news network broadcasting from Moscow and Washington studios. RT is the first news channel to break the 500 million YouTube views benchmark.
http://www.thejuicemedia.com Juice Rap News: Episode 14 - "The Waiting for Godot Particle". This civilisation's Promethean quest for ultimate meaning has taken a giant leap towards its epic conclusion. In the latest prequel to humanity's journey to inner-space, scientists at the CERN laboratory announce that they have unlocked one of the key strands in the origin of Life, The Universe and Everything: 42 years on from its coining, the Higgs Boson particle has possibly been detected at the Large Hadron Collider. What does it all mean? How does it feel to meet our Masster? What is our destiny? Could this be the font of all wisdom? Does it anti-matter that Scientists make use of 'ComicSans' - the font of all evil? Is anyone conCERNed about the MASS amount of Higgslarious Pun-upmanship Colliding in the twittersphere? Join Robert Foster as he takes a journalistic journey into this particular world, and manages to corner a colourful character, CERN Professor Scott Ridley, who is several bottles into getting his Bos-on at the massive "Hadron Collider Higgs Boson PARTYcle" celebration. CONNECT with us: Website: http://thejuicemedia.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/juicerapnews Farcebook: https://www.facebook.com/rapnews SUPPORT the creation of new episodes of Juice Rap News - a show which relies on private donations: http://thejuicemedia.com/donate DOWNLOAD free MP3: http://www.reverbnation.com/rapnews LYRICS available here: http://thejuicemedia.com/video/lyrics CREDITS: - BEAT: This episode contains a killer beat, "One Time", http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hmPzabWFTlM from our favourite new UK beat-maker, Red Skull. Check out his other insanely ill beats on his pages: http://redskullbeats.tumblr.com http://soundcloud.com/redskullbeats - ARTWORK: Thanks to Zoe Tame http://visualtonic.com.au for images and for website wizardry! Thanks to Jonas Schweizer in Germany for animating the Promethean intro and glass smash (See his work: http://www.indiegogo.com/CaribbeanNewcomer); And thanks to Joshy Anderson for the loan of the bone-fide pharmacist lab coat! CAPTIONS are coming soon...
A new particle was discovered being called "The God Particle" which may hold the answer to the creation of the universe, no big deal... Order your SourceFed Posters here: http://bit.ly/SourceFedPosters Our Sources: http://bit.ly/NkNDqg http://nyti.ms/LxHBlK Go to SourceFed.com for our 5 daily videos or anything else we've ever done. http://youtube.com/sourcefed Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/sourcefed Like us on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/xQDV8M Philly D OFFICIAL APP for instant updates: http://bit.ly/aIyY0w Hosts: @joebereta @stevezaragoza Music: @Hagemeister
Scientists at the CERN research centre in Switzerland welcome the news that a new subatomic particle could be the Higgs boson, the basic building block of the universe. Spokesman for one of the two teams hunting for the Higgs particle, Joe Incandela, makes the announcement. Footage courtesy of Reuters. LinkTV News: http://news.linktv.org Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/linktv Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/linktvnews
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Scientists at Cern, the Geneva-based European laboratory for particle physics, are revealing their latest findings in their search for the Higgs boson. Here, science correspondent Ian Sample -- author of Massive: The Hunt for the God Particle -- explains what a Higgs boson is, how Cern physicists are looking for it, and why it matters if they find it
Christian Influence Upon Science Danny R. Faulkner Biographical info: Danny R. Faulkner has a B.S. in math from Bob Jones University, an M.S. in physics from Clemson University, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in astronomy from Indiana University. Dr. Faulkner has been on the faculty of the University of South Carolina, Lancaster, since 1986, where he holds the rank of professor and teaches astronomy and physics. His research interests include stellar astronomy, especially binary stars. He has been published in the Astronomical Journal, Astrophysical Journal, the Publication of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, and the Information Bulletin on Variable Stars. Creationist Astronomer Ph.D. and M.A. in Astronomy, Indiana University M.S. in Physics from Clemson University B.S. in Math from Bob Jones University Professor at the University of South Carolina, Lancaster (physics and astronomy) Associate Professor of Astronomy at the Institute for Creation Research Graduate School Published more than two dozen papers in various astronomy and astrophysics journals Dr. Faulkner's webpage at the University of South Carolina-Lancaster: http://usclancaster.sc.edu/faculty/faulkner/ Chair, Division of Math, Science, Nursing & Public Health Professor of Astronomy/Physics For more Origins episodes, go here: http://www.ctvn.org/programs-origins.asp
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Space Odyssey: Voyage To The Planets This two-part science fiction docu-drama examines the possibilities of a dangerous, manned space mission to explore the inner and outer planets of the Solar system. Five astronauts pilot the nuclear thermal rocket powered Pegasus spacecraft on a tour of the solar system. Their mission is a collaboration of the NASA, CSA, ESA and РКА space agencies and takes the crew to Venus, Mars, a close flyby of the Sun, Jupiter's moon Io and Europa, Saturn, Pluto, and the fictional Comet Yano-Moore. Most of the planetary destinations the crew reaches are followed by a manned landing there. Prior to the mission large tanks of hydrogen were deposited in stable orbits around the planets to allow the crew to refuel to have sufficient delta-v for the multi-year mission. The crew encounter many hardships and disappointments along the way. A Venus EVA that almost ends in disaster when the lander Orpheus encounters launch delays, the near-loss of the shield during the aerobrake in Jupiter's upper atmosphere (according to the first part of the miniseries) and the loss of samples from Jupiter's moon Io all test the crew's resolve. The most devastating blow comes when the ship's medical officer dies of solar radiation-induced lymphoma in Saturn orbit, forcing the crew to decide whether to continue the mission to Pluto, or abort and return to Earth. In the original British release, the crew decides to press on to Pluto, making history.
Adventure Asteroid Astronaut Astronauts Atheist Atheism Atmosphere BBC Belt Comet Comets CSA Delta Earth ESA Europa EVA Flyby God In Inner Io Jupiter Land Lander Landing Manned Mars Martian Mercury Mission Moon Mons Nasa Neptune Odyssey Of Olympus On Orbit Orbiter Outer Pegasus PKA Planet Planets Pluto Probe Propulsion Radiation Ring Rings Risk Rocket Saturn Science Scientists Ship Solar Space Spaceship Spacecraft Star Sun Surface System Telescope The To Travel Trek Uranus Venus Venusian Voyage
For those of us who wish we'd paid more attention in GCSE physics, here's our bluffers guide to everything you need to know about the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. God particles? Time travel? Black holes? Faster-than-light neutrinos? Hadrons? Bosons? It's all here - just click play on the video. You'll laugh, you'll cry, and you might even learn something.
that which consists of either matter or energy. Therefore if a god exists, it must be composed of either matter or energy. The opposite must also be true. If a god is not composed of matter or energy, then that god, by definition, does not exist. Thus to argue that a god exist, despite a total absence of matter or energy, is to argue, existence equals non-existence, which is a complete contradiction. If a god exists, then physical evidence is really the only methodology by which we can ascertain that a god exists. Of course, this does not require direct physical evidence -- we cannot perceive black holes directly, but we know that they exist due to the effects of their gravity wells on surrounding matter, as well as the flashes of energy that are released as captured matter crosses the event horizon. But since "existence" is defined as that which is composed of matter or energy, the proof of existence must be some evidence of that matter or energy. Evidence is defined as that which impacts our physical senses in some manner, either directly, or through some translating device such as a spectrograph or an oscilloscope. Since our sensory organs are designed to perceive the effects of matter and energy, it is through the evidence of the senses that we can determine the existence or nonexistence of things. If I argue that something exists, but then claim there is no way to detect it, my argument contradicts itself. Let's say I tell a deaf man that I hear a deep, loud sound coming from a speaker. If he lays his hand on it and feels no vibrations, he has every right to be skeptical. If I say that this loud sound does not have vibrations, he may then pull out his trusty microphone or other sound wave detector. If this instrument detects no sound in the vicinity, can I still tell him that this loud sound is occurring? At some point, if my definition of "loud sound" basically boils down to "that which is the opposite of any evidence that a loud sound is occurring," then clearly my approach to truth needs a little work. This approach helps clarify the truth value of the proposition that a god does not exist. If a god exists, then sensual evidence of some sort is required to determine the existence of that god. If a god is not made up of matter or energy, then that god does not exist, since that which is not composed of matter or energy -- does not exist. If a god is made up of matter and energy, then it is subject to physical laws. Since it is bound by physical laws, miracles are impossible, because miracles are, by definition, violations of physical laws. Likewise, a god cannot be all knowing and all-powerful, since both attributes would violate the basic tenets of physical laws. All knowing would require instantaneous knowledge of all matter, past, present and future, which is clearly impossible, while all powerful would require the ability to break the bounds of physical laws, which brings us back to the realm of nonexistence. If a god is subject to physical laws, then praying to a god makes about as much sense as worshiping a black hole, begging the Sun to grant you favors, or circumcising your son to appease the moon. If a god is not subject to physical laws, then the concept of a god is synonymous with the concept of non-existence. Why is there such resistance to the fact that a god does not exist? Many people redefine "God" within their own minds as "a potential form of matter or energy that has not been discovered yet," or "that which could exist in an alternate universe," or something to that effect. However, either a criterion for determining truth exists, or it does not. If such a criterion exists, then it must be objective, and based on the evidence of the senses and reason, which precludes the existence of any deities. If no such criterion exists, then both everything and nothing is true, and agnosticism, atheism, superstition, religion and the belief of the flying spaghetti monster are all equally valid. If an objective criterion for truth exists, then it cannot logically be applied according to whim, or only in situations that feel emotionally comfortable. Through this logical method we can determine no god exists. Actions are more important than beliefs.