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The Astronomerslecture
Videos with tag lecture
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08:03
08:03
08:03

Historic Milestone: CERN Discovers Higgs-like Boson

http://facebook.com/ScienceReason ... New particle observed at LHC! CERN Physicists are sure they have found a boson particle -- but is it the long-sought Higgs boson of the Standard Model? The ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN presented their latest results in the search for the long-sought Higgs boson. Both experiments see strong indications for the presence of a new particle, which could be the Higgs boson, in the mass region around 126 gigaelectronvolts (GeV). --- Please SUBSCRIBE to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker • http://www.youtube.com/ScienceTV • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/RationalHumanism --- CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson At a seminar and a press conference held at CERN on 4 July 2012 as a curtain raiser to the year's major particle physics conference, ICHEP2012 in Melbourne, the ATLAS and CMS experiments presented their latest preliminary results in the search for the long sought Higgs particle. Both experiments observe a new particle in the mass region around 125-126 GeV. "We observe in our data clear signs of a new particle, at the level of 5 sigma, in the mass region around 126 GeV. The outstanding performance of the LHC and ATLAS and the huge efforts of many people have brought us to this exciting stage," said ATLAS experiment spokesperson Fabiola Gianotti, "but a little more time is needed to prepare these results for publication." "The results are preliminary but the 5 sigma signal at around 125 GeV we're seeing is dramatic. This is indeed a new particle. We know it must be a boson and it's the heaviest boson ever found," said CMS experiment spokesperson Joe Incandela. "The implications are very significant and it is precisely for this reason that we must be extremely diligent in all of our studies and cross-checks." "It's hard not to get excited by these results," said CERN Research Director Sergio Bertolucci. " We stated last year that in 2012 we would either find a new Higgs-like particle or exclude the existence of the Standard Model Higgs. With all the necessary caution, it looks to me that we are at a branching point: the observation of this new particle indicates the path for the future towards a more detailed understanding of what we're seeing in the data." The results presented today are labelled preliminary. They are based on data collected in 2011 and 2012, with the 2012 data still under analysis. Publication of the analyses shown today is expected around the end of July. A more complete picture of today's observations will emerge later this year after the LHC provides the experiments with more data. The next step will be to determine the precise nature of the particle and its significance for our understanding of the universe. Are its properties as expected for the long-sought Higgs boson, the final missing ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics? Or is it something more exotic? The Standard Model describes the fundamental particles from which we, and every visible thing in the universe, are made, and the forces acting between them. All the matter that we can see, however, appears to be no more than about 4% of the total. A more exotic version of the Higgs particle could be a bridge to understanding the 96% of the universe that remains obscure. "We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. "The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson opens the way to more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will pin down the new particle's properties, and is likely to shed light on other mysteries of our universe." Positive identification of the new particle's characteristics will take considerable time and data. But whatever form the Higgs particle takes, our knowledge of the fundamental structure of matter is about to take a major step forward. • http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2012/PR17.12E.html --- CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is the world's leading laboratory for particle physics. It has its headquarters in Geneva. At present, its Member States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Romania is a candidate for accession. Israel and Serbia are Associate Members in the pre-stage to Membership. India, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, Turkey, the European Commission and UNESCO have Observer status. • http://cern.ch/ --- Tags: "higgs boson" "higgs particle" higgs boson new higgs-like particle "god particle" observed discovered found cern lhc cms atlas experiments physics standard model results mass matter universe videos lecture press conference july 2012 .

Channels: Physics 

Added: 1753 days ago by Ordonomundi

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01:19:25
01:19:25
01:19:25

Astronomy Lecture - Stellar Evolution

Astronomy Lecture - Stellar Evolution

Channels: Stellar astronomy 

Added: 1853 days ago by deek

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56:36
56:36
56:36

Beauty, Truth, and Planetary Science [IMPROVED AUDIO 10/05/09]

Beauty, Truth, and Planetary Science: Finding Ourselves in the Solar System, a Loyola Chair Lecture, April 11, 2007, by Brother Guy Consolmagno, S.J., astronomer, Vatican Observatory, Castel Gandolfo, Italy. Brother guy was the 2006-2007 Loyola Chair (Physics and Astronomy) at Fordham, and is the chair of the Division for Planetary Sciences, American Astronomical Society. He is the author of Brother Astronomer, Adventures of a Vatican Scientist (McGraw Hill, 2000); Intelligent Life in the Universe? Catholic Belief and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life (Catholic Truth Society, 2005); and God's Mechanics: How Scientists and Engineers Make Sense of Religion (Jossey-Bass, 2007).

Channels: Planetary science 

Added: 1853 days ago by deek

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00:01
00:01
00:01

The Universe is a strange place

About the Lecture Perhaps the universe is not so much strange as brimming with lovely paradox. The search for such beauty seems to lie at the heart of Frank Wilczek’s work. Twentieth century physics, from Einstein through Wilczek’s own Nobel Prize-winning efforts, involves demonstrating the existence of a topsy-turvy reality: for instance, that such sub-atomic particles as quarks and gluons, which have little or no mass, “orchestrate themselves into not just protons and neutrons but you and me,” according to Wilczek. “How is it possible to construct heavy objects out of objects that weigh nothing?,” he asks. Only by “creating mass out of pure energy.” These particles are essentially “excitations in otherwise empty space.” Says Wilczek: “That suggests something …beautiful and poetic: the masses of particles are not like, or similar to or metaphorically suggested by—they are the tones or frequencies of vibration patterns in dynamical voids.” The theory of quarks and gluons and the strong interaction accounts quantitatively for “the mass of protons, neutrons and ultimately you and me and everything around us.” But physics has not yet squared away all aspects of the universe. Wilzcek says that “in cosmology, we meet our match, and don’t know what’s going on.” This is because scientists can’t account for much of the mass in the cosmos. 70% of this mass is in “dark energy,” which is pushing the universe apart. Wilczek hopes that explanations for the dark stuff will emerge through improving equations, unifying theories of different interactions and extending their symmetries. “Beautifying equations leads not to ugly consequences but beautiful surprises,” he concludes.

Channels: Lectures In Astronomy  Cosmology  Major questions in astronomy 

Added: 2626 days ago by deek

Views: 2339 | Comments: 1

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10:59
10:59
10:59

The Library Of Alexandria - Best Of Carl Sagan's Cosmos (7)

The Library Of Alexandria - Best Of Carl Sagan's Cosmos (Part 7). --- Subscribe to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/SagansCosmos • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker --- BEST OF CARL SAGAN'S "COSMOS": 1) 10 Years After: Carl Sagan & Ann Druyan Reflect: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leTNfwfH0Jc 2) Lost Between Immensity And Eternity: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIVsDg6U0LU 3) The Realm Of The Galaxies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1axoV6HhWfI 4) Our Galaxy, The Milky Way: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOazBTHzRYA 5) Our Solar System: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBqjob-UVeo 6) Eratosthenes And The Round Earth Model: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en5UKtcNujI 7) The Library Of Alexandria: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVQs4B2jAW0 8) A Short History Of The Universe: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7n2r0qOxJ6k 9) Artificial And Natural Selection: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3uToVWZkWM 10) The Cosmic Year: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFqbm_94nTM 11) Tree Of Life - 4 Billion Years Of Evolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KF0UECN4ndA 12) The Miracle Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOyojWeOYNA 13) DNA - The Common Basis Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecmuvjSykf8 14) Abiogenesis The Origin Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yet1xkAv_HY 15) Astronomy vs Astrology: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImaQS9NJ0nI 16) Pictures In The Sky: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwCAwc4bge4 17) Ancient Astronomy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-5dwJwau1Y 18) Triumph Of Modern Science Over Medieval Superstition: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lfmRqT-B_c 19) The Mysterious Tonguska Event: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irVof7adq4s --- Carl Edward Sagan, Ph.D. (1934-1996) was an American astronomer, astrochemist, author, and highly successful popularizer of astronomy, astrophysics and other natural sciences. He pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). He is world-famous for writing popular science books and for co-writing and presenting the award-winning 1980 television series "Cosmos: A Personal Voyage", which has been seen by more than 600 million people in over 60 countries, making it the most widely watched PBS program in history. A book to accompany the program was also published. He also wrote the novel "Contact", the basis for the 1997 Robert Zemecki's film of the same name starring Jodie Foster. During his lifetime, Sagan published more than 600 scientific papers and popular articles and was author, co-author, or editor of more than 20 books. In his works, he frequently advocated skeptical inquiry, secular humanism, and the scientific method. http://www.carlsagan.com .

Channels: The Astronomers 

Added: 2735 days ago by deek

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08:58
08:58
08:58

Ancient Astronomy - Best Of Carl Sagan's Cosmos (17)

Ancient Astronomy - Best Of Carl Sagan's Cosmos (Part 17) --- Subscribe to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/SagansCosmos • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker --- BEST OF CARL SAGAN'S "COSMOS": 1) 10 Years After: Carl Sagan & Ann Druyan Reflect: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leTNfwfH0Jc 2) Lost Between Immensity And Eternity: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIVsDg6U0LU 3) The Realm Of The Galaxies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1axoV6HhWfI 4) Our Galaxy, The Milky Way: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOazBTHzRYA 5) Our Solar System: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBqjob-UVeo 6) Eratosthenes And The Round Earth Model: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en5UKtcNujI 7) The Library Of Alexandria: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVQs4B2jAW0 8) A Short History Of The Universe: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7n2r0qOxJ6k 9) Artificial And Natural Selection: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3uToVWZkWM 10) The Cosmic Year: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFqbm_94nTM 11) Tree Of Life - 4 Billion Years Of Evolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KF0UECN4ndA 12) The Miracle Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOyojWeOYNA 13) DNA - The Common Basis Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecmuvjSykf8 14) Abiogenesis The Origin Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yet1xkAv_HY 15) Astronomy vs Astrology: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImaQS9NJ0nI 16) Pictures In The Sky: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwCAwc4bge4 17) Ancient Astronomy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-5dwJwau1Y 18) Triumph Of Modern Science Over Medieval Superstition: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lfmRqT-B_c 19) The Mysterious Tonguska Event: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irVof7adq4s --- Carl Edward Sagan, Ph.D. (1934-1996) was an American astronomer, astrochemist, author, and highly successful popularizer of astronomy, astrophysics and other natural sciences. He pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). He is world-famous for writing popular science books and for co-writing and presenting the award-winning 1980 television series "Cosmos: A Personal Voyage", which has been seen by more than 600 million people in over 60 countries, making it the most widely watched PBS program in history. A book to accompany the program was also published. He also wrote the novel "Contact", the basis for the 1997 Robert Zemecki's film of the same name starring Jodie Foster. During his lifetime, Sagan published more than 600 scientific papers and popular articles and was author, co-author, or editor of more than 20 books. In his works, he frequently advocated skeptical inquiry, secular humanism, and the scientific method. http://www.carlsagan.com .

Channels: The Astronomers 

Added: 2735 days ago by deek

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10:59
10:59
10:59

Triumph Of Modern Science Over Medieval Superstition

Johannes Kepler And The Triumph Of Modern Science Over Medieval Superstition - Best Of Carl Sagan's Cosmos (Part 18). Subscribe to Science & Reason: • http://www.youtube.com/SagansCosmos • http://www.youtube.com/Best0fScience • http://www.youtube.com/FFreeThinker BEST OF CARL SAGAN'S "COSMOS": 1) 10 Years After: Carl Sagan & Ann Druyan Reflect: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leTNfwfH0Jc 2) Lost Between Immensity And Eternity: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIVsDg6U0LU 3) The Realm Of The Galaxies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1axoV6HhWfI 4) Our Galaxy, The Milky Way: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOazBTHzRYA 5) Our Solar System: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBqjob-UVeo 6) Eratosthenes And The Round Earth Model: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en5UKtcNujI 7) The Library Of Alexandria: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVQs4B2jAW0 8) A Short History Of The Universe: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7n2r0qOxJ6k 9) Artificial And Natural Selection: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3uToVWZkWM 10) The Cosmic Year: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFqbm_94nTM 11) Tree Of Life - 4 Billion Years Of Evolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KF0UECN4ndA 12) The Miracle Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOyojWeOYNA 13) DNA - The Common Basis Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecmuvjSykf8 14) Abiogenesis The Origin Of Life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yet1xkAv_HY 15) Astronomy vs Astrology: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImaQS9NJ0nI 16) Pictures In The Sky: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwCAwc4bge4 17) Ancient Astronomy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-5dwJwau1Y 18) Triumph Of Modern Science Over Medieval Superstition: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lfmRqT-B_c 19) The Mysterious Tonguska Event: coming soon Carl Edward Sagan, Ph.D. (1934-1996) was an American astronomer, astrochemist, author, and highly successful popularizer of astronomy, astrophysics and other natural sciences. He pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). He is world-famous for writing popular science books and for co-writing and presenting the award-winning 1980 television series "Cosmos: A Personal Voyage", which has been seen by more than 600 million people in over 60 countries, making it the most widely watched PBS program in history. A book to accompany the program was also published. He also wrote the novel "Contact", the basis for the 1997 Robert Zemecki's film of the same name starring Jodie Foster. During his lifetime, Sagan published more than 600 scientific papers and popular articles and was author, co-author, or editor of more than 20 books. In his works, he frequently advocated skeptical inquiry, secular humanism, and the scientific method. • http://www.carlsagan.com Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution. He is best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion, codified by later astronomers based on his works "Astronomia nova", "Harmonices Mundi", and "Epitome of Copernican Astrononomy". They also provided one of the foundations for Isaac Newton's theory of universal gravitation. During his career, Kepler was a mathematics teacher at a seminary school in Graz, Austria, an assistant to astronomer Tycho Brahe, the court mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II, a mathematics teacher in Linz, Austria, and an adviser to General Wallenstein. He also did fundamental work in the field of optics, invented an improved version of the refracting telescope (the Keplerian Telescope), and helped to legitimize the telescopic discoveries of his contemporary Galileo Galilei. Kepler lived in an era when there was no clear distinction between astronomy and astrology, but there was a strong division between astronomy (a branch of mathematics within the liberal arts) and physics (a branch of natural philosophy). • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Kepler .

Channels: The Astronomers 

Added: 2735 days ago by deek

Views: 1629 | Comments: 0

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