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The AstronomersSpeed of Light Explained
Speed of Light Explained
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Variable Speed of Light An observer outside gravitational fields measures the speed of light locally (in his location) at 299792.458 km/s but when he looks towards a black hole he sees the speed of light there to be as slow as a few meters/s. At the same time an observer freefalling into that black hole measures the speed of light locally (in his location) at 299792.458 km/s; when he looks towards the black hole he sees the speed of light there much slower; when he looks away from the black hole he sees the speed of light there much faster. When he looks towards outside gravitational fields he sees the speed of light there a zillion km/s. In 1915 (10 years after Special Relativity) Einstein developed another theory called General Relativity that deals with gravitational fields and according to this latest theory the speed of light appears to vary with the intensity of the gravitational field. Learn More... Effective Speed of Light Scientists just confirmed the existence of "Dark Energy", a mysterious repulsive force that acts in opposite to gravity. Scientists today do not know what this "Dark Energy" is but they know that it is causing the entire universe to expand at an increasing rate. This Dark Energy is even causing distant galaxies to recede from us faster than our local speed of light. The expansion of the universe is causing light en route to be dragged away from us. This makes observers to see distant inbound light at effective speeds less than 299792.458 km/s and to see distant outbound light at effective speeds greater than 299792.458 km/s. However every non-accelerating observer measures the speed of light locally (in his location) at 299792.458 km/s in any direction. Learn More... Speed of Light = 12000 Lunar Orbits/Earth Day But 1400 years ago it was stated in the Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) that angels travel in one day the same distance that the moon travels in 1000 lunar years, that is, 12000 Lunar Orbits / Earth Day. Outside the gravitational field of the sun 12000 Lunar Orbits / Earth Day turned out to be the local speed of light!!! This definition is independent of direction and common to all observers: An observer near a black hole, for example, sees the speed of light outside gravitational fields a zillion km/s but still equal to 12000 Lunar Orbits / Earth Day!!!
Added on Nov 27, 2012 by lonewolf
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  Extragalactic astronomy  
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